Range: From Canada to Mexico, and from Nevada, Idaho and Utah west to California
Habitat: Varied. Valley quail thrive in a variety of habitats across their range from arid deserts to dense forests.
Description: Valley quail have a teardrop shaped black crest, yellow feathers near the base of the bill, white stripes along the throat and above the eye and their breasts and upper backs are bluish-gray.
Status in the wild: Common
Status in aviculture: Common. These birds do well in any climate and are not difficult to raise.
Breeding Season: April to June
Clutch Size: 12-14 eggs
Incubation Period: 23 days
Miscellaneous Notes: This is the official state bird of California.